Thursday, June 26, 2014

Ramadan dates, links, etc.

As Salam-o-alaikum,

Start of the 9th Islamic Month of Ramazan-ul-Mubarak 1435 AH

Some important events of this month are as follows:

 7th Death of Hazrat Abu Talib(as)  (possible date)

10th Death of Hazrat Khadija(as)

11th Moakhat – Brotherhood between Muhajireen and Ansaar

13th, 14th and 15th – Ayyam-e-Bayz – the bright days

15th Birth of Imam Hasan(as) – the 2nd Holy Imam – (3 AH)

17th Victory at Battle of Badr – (2 AH)

19th Evening – First probable night of Qadr Shab-e-Qadr 

19th Youm-e-Zarbat – Imam Ali(as) got injured from attack during prayers (40 AH) 

20th Conquest of Makkah (8 AH)

21st Evening – Second probable night of Qadr –  Shab-e-Qadr 

21st Shahadat of Imam Ali(as) – (40 AH) 

23rd Evening – Third probable night of Qadr – Shab-e-Qadr

27th Evening – Another probable night of Qadr – Shab-e-Qadr

25th July – Jumatul Wida –  last Friday of Ramazan-ul-Mubarak – International day of Quds

Inshallah separate detail emails will be sent on each occasion during this month.

Please note that some of the dates mentioned above are not definite dates but some traditions suggest these dates for those events.

When is it likely to be the 1st of Ramazan?
According to scientific projections at, the new moon can be sighted easily on Saturday, 28 June 2014 all over the world.Accordingly, the 1st of Ramazan is likely to be the 29th of June 2014 in all parts of the world.


Welcoming the holy month of Ramazan: 

Imām Muhammad  ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.) says that the month of Ramazān 
was nearing and three days of Shabaan were left when the Holy Prophet 
(sawaw) told Bilal(r.a.) to call people to him. When people came, then 
Holy Prophet Muhammad al-Mustafa (sawaw) mounted the pulpit and 
praised and glorified Allah . Then he said, 

“The month, which you are going to have now is supreme among all other 
months. There is a night in this month, which is better than a 
thousand months. The doors of Hell are closed in this month and the 
doors of Paradise are opened. One who is not forgiven in this month –
Allāh also distances him. Similarly, a person has parents and is not 
able to get himself forgiven Allah distances him. One who does not 
recite Salawat when my name is mentioned in front of him, his 
salvation is not possible and Allah distances him.” 

[Reference:  Sawaabul A’amaal page 98] 

Special duas during Ramazan
Special duas to be recited during the forthcoming Ramazan have been 

1) Duas on the advent of Ramazan to be recited upon sighting the moon. 

2) Common duas to be recited in each night of Ramazan. 

3) Dua-e-Sahar 

4) Duas after every Wajib prayer during Ramazan. 

5) Duas for each day of Ramazan. 

6) Duas in the last 10 nights of Ramazan. 

7) Aamal of Shab-e-Qadr

Arabic Text, Urdu translation, transliteration, English translation 
and Audio recitation of almost all the above duas are availabe. 

Kindly confirm in your local place the exact date of Shabaan to 
determine the last 3 days. 

Special consideration for fast of Yawm-al-Shak 
 (doubtful if month of Ramazan has begun) 

30th day of Shabaan is called Yamul Shak (doubtful day) if you do not 
receive news about Ramadan,  the  moonsighting on 29th evening or before the end of 30th day. 

It is haram to fast on 30th Shabaan with the intention of 1st of 

It is Mustahab to keep fast on 30th Shabaan but the Niyyat (intention) 
should be either: 
(a) with the Niyyat of Ma fiz-zimma (to discharge my responsibility), 
(b) with the Niyyat of any Qaza fast of previous Ramadan, if any, or 
(c) with the Niyyat of Mustahab Shabaan fast. 

If you do a double Niyyat of fasting (i.e. 30th Shabaan or 1st 
Ramadan), then such a Niyyat is wrong according Ayatullah Khui, but it 
is OK according to Ayatullah Khomeini and Ayatullah Seestani. 

If you are fasting on 30th Shabaan, and if, at any time on that day, 
you get the news of moon sighting of 29th Shabaan, then you must 
immediately change Niyyat to Niyyat of 1st of Ramadan. 

If you have fasted on 30th Shabaan (with any Niyyat), and afterwards 
you come to know that it was 1st of Ramadan, then your fast will 
automatically be counted as fast of 1st of Ramadan. 

If you are not fasting on 30th Shabaan, then following actions are 
necessary on you: 

(a) If you get the news after sunset of 30th Shabaan or later that the 
moon had been actually sighted on evening of 29th Shabaan, then you 
have to keep Qaza of 1st Ramadan after the month of Ramadan. 

(b) If you get the news of moon sighting after Zawal time (Islamic mid- 
day), then it is haram to eat or drink or do anything, which is not 
allowed during fasting from that time onward until Iftar time on that 
day, and you have to do Qaza of 1st of Ramadan later on. 

(c) If you get the news of moon sighting before Zawal time (Islamic 
mid-day), then 
          (i) if you have not eaten or drunk anything or done anything which 
breaks fast, you must immediately do the Niyyat of fasting of Ramadan 
for that day, 
         (ii) if you have eaten or drunk something or have done anything which 
breaks fast, then you have to act as if fasting for the rest of the 
day, and then do Qaza of 1st of Ramadan later on. 

Syed-Rizwan Rizvi

No comments:

Post a Comment